Most longboards measure 84 to 150 centimetres (33 to 59 in). There are several shapes of longboards, such as pintails, flat-nose riders, drop through decks, drop decks and boards with the same shape of a standard skateboard.
Longboard decks are typically made from wood ply anywhere from two to eleven layers usually 2mm in thickness, composed of birch, bamboo, or maple. Longboards are commercially available in variety shapes and sizes.
Almost all longboard wheels are made from urethane. The performance of longboard wheels is determined by five characteristics: height, lip shape, contact patch, durometer, and hub setting. Typical longboard wheels range from 65 to 107 mm. A taller wheel will have slower acceleration but a faster rolling speed. Smaller wheels have the opposite effect.